Mengenal Android

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Saya sengaja menambah kategori baru di Blogger 2012 yang membahas mengenai OS Android. Mengapa? Karena operating system ini perkembangannya luar biasa dan masih akan terus berkembang. Sejak dimulainya penggunaan OS Android di banyak ponsel, sekarang sudah merambah pada penggunaan smartphone dan tablet yang sekarang booming.

Saya akan berusaha untuk terus sharing mengenai informasi terbaru tentang tablet dan android, baik mengenai hardware maupun softwarenya. Untuk yang pertama ini saya sharing dulu tentang mengenal Android dan sejarahnya.

Mengenal OS Android

Tersebutlah sebuah perusahaan bernama Android, Inc. di Palo Alto, California, Amerika Serikat yang didirikan oleh Andy Rubin, sedang membuat perangkat lunak untuk ponsel. Ini adalah perusahaan kecil yang tidak dikenal. Andy yang pernah diwawancarai oleh Business Week pada tahun 2003, mengatakan bahwa dia sedang mengembangkan sebuah software untuk mobile device dan ponsel yang sangat potensial dan peka terhadap lokasi dan preferensi pemiliknya.

Tahun 2005 Android, Inc. dibeli Google, dan Andy dipasang sebagai direktur mobile platform-nya. Ini menyebabkan dimulainya desas-desus bahwa Google berencana untuk memasuki pasar ponsel.

Pada bulan November 2007, terbentuklan Open Handset Alliance yang merupakan konsorsium dari beberapa perusahaan : Broadcom Corporation, Google, HTC, Intel, LG, Marvell Technology Group, Motorola, Nvidia, Qualcomm, Samsung Electronics, Sprint Nextel, T-Mobile dan Texas Instruments. Mereka sepakat untuk membuat open standard bagi mobilephone. Pada hari yang sama, mereka mengumumkan produk software pertama mereka, yaitu Android yang berbasis Linux kernel versi 2.6.

Bulan Desember 2008, bergabunglah 14 perusahaan lainnya yaitu : ARM Holdings, Atheros Communications, Asustek Computer Inc, Garmin Ltd, PacketVideo, Softbank, Sony Ericsson, Toshiba Corp dan Vodafone Group Plc. Hal ini merupakan langkah besar dalam sejarah Android untuk menjadi leader dalam sistem operasi mobilephone. Pada akhirnya Google meluncurkan smartphone Nexus yang menggunakan open source Android mobile. Perangkat ini diproduksi oleh Taiwan’s HTC Corporation dan telah launching pada Januari 2010.

Hingga sekarang kepopuleran android melesat merambah ke berbagai merk ponsel dan tablet. Kalau pernah mendengar atau menggunakan Samsung Galaxy atau Sony Ericsson Xperia 10, itulah salah satu bukti kehebohan Android.

Lantas, apa sebenarnya kelebihan Android sehingga diprediksi akan mengalahkan Blackberry? Blackberry hanya kuat di fitur messagingnya (itu sebabnya saya tidak pernah tertarik sama Blackberry). Sedangkan Android mempunyai kelebihan di fitur multimedia. Hebatnya lagi, karena programnya open source, kita bisa mendapatkan ribuan program di Android Market secara gratis, meskipun ada juga program profesional yang berbayar. Hanya dengan mengakses Android Market via ponsel atau tablet, kita bisa download program yang diinginkan dan langsung install. Jika bosan, tinggal uninstall lalu cari yang lain :).

Berikut ini adalah daftar mobilephone beserta perkembangn OS Android yang disematkan.

Phone Availability date Carrier Highlights OS version *
* At time of release  
T-Mobile G1

October 2008 T-Mobile First-ever Android device; had quirky design elements like the swing-out keyboard and the "chin" 1.0
T-Mobile MyTouch 3G

July 2009 T-Mobile First device with 1.5; debuted with Exchange support 1.5 (Cupcake)
HTC Hero

October 2009 Sprint First CDMA Android phone; offered HTC Sense interface 1.5
Samsung Moment

October 2009 Sprint First Android handset with a slider design; lacked camera-editing options 1.5
Motorola Cliq

October 2009 T-Mobile Debut of MotoBlur interface; first Motorola Android phone 1.5
Motorola Droid

October 2009 Verizon Wireless First Verizon Android device, and first appearance of Eclair 2.0 (Eclair)
HTC Droid Eris

November 2009 Verizon Wireless One of the earliest phones to offer pinch-to-zoom multitouch; first under $100 price point 1.5
Samsung Behold II

November 2009 T-Mobile Used Samsung’s TouchWiz interface and offered new media player; not upgradable past OS 1.6 1.5
HTC Nexus One

January 2010 T-Mobile Sold unlocked through Google’s direct sales channel; first Android 2.1 phone 2.1
Motorola Devour

February 2010 Verizon Wireless First device that debuted with Donut; called the Droid’s "little brother" 1.6 (Donut)
Motorola Backflip

March 2010 AT&T First AT&T Android phone; had awkward design with "Backtrack" feature on rear side 1.5
Motorola Cliq XT

March 2010 T-Mobile Upgrade to the Cliq; replaced physical keyboard with virtual keyboard and Swype 1.5
HTC Droid Incredible

April 2010 Verizon Wireless "Blazingly fast" processor and loaded feature set; won CNET’s Editors’ Choice Award 2.1
LG Ally

May 2010 Verizon Wireless LG’s Android debut in the United States; included LG Socialite app 2.1
HTC Evo 4G

June 2010 Sprint First 4G phone in the United States; offers a mobile hot-spot feature and HDMI port 2.1
MyTouch 3G Slide

June 2010 T-Mobile Update to original MyTouch 3G; featured T-Mobile’s custom interface 2.1
Garminfone

June 2010 T-Mobile Robust GPS integration; much improved over its G60 predecessor 1.6
HTC Aria

June 2010 AT&T Based on HD Mini design; like most AT&T Android phones, it didn’t permit third-party app downloads 2.1
Motorola Droid X

July 2010 Verizon Wireless Offered broad multimedia features and revamped MotoBlur interface 2.1
Motorola i1

July 2010 Nextel; Boost Mobile First Android device with iDEN, and first handset with a prepaid carrier 1.5
Samsung Vibrant

July 2010 T-Mobile Part of the Samsung Galaxy S series; came with a full-length copy of "Avatar" 2.1
Samsung Captivate

July 2010 AT&T Second Galaxy S phone; AT&T’s best Android offering to date 2.1
Samsung Acclaim

July 2010 U.S. Cellular First Android device for U.S. Cellular; positioned as a budget model 2.1
Samsung Intercept

July 2010 Sprint Not compatible with Sprint’s 4G network; positioned as a budget model 2.1
Motorola Droid 2

August 2010 Verizon Wireless Similar to the Droid X but with a physical keyboard; first device to ship with Froyo 2.2 (Froyo)
Samsung Epic 4G

August 2010 Sprint Only Galaxy S phone to have physical keyboard; featured Samsung’s TouchWiz 3.0 interface 2.1
Sony Ericsson Xperia X10

August 2010 AT&T Sony Ericsson’s first Android phone; featured company’s Timescape feature and UXP interface 1.6
HTC Desire

August 2010 U.S. Cellular Based on the Nexus One design; second U.S. Cellular phone 2.1
Sanyo Zio

August 2010 Cricket Wireless First Android device for Sanyo/Kyocera and first for Cricket Wireless 1.6
Motorola Charm

September 2010 T-Mobile Featured a square design with a roomy keybaord but a small, crowded display 2.1
Samsung Fascinate

September 2010 Verizon Wireless Last Galaxy S series phone for "big four" carriers; features Bing search and maps 2.1
Dell Aero

September 2010 AT&T Dell’s first Android phone, but that’s about it 1.5
T-Mobile G2

October 2010 T-Mobile Update to original G1; first T-Mobile phone built for carrier’s HSPA+ network 2.2
Samsung Transform

October 2010 Sprint First handset with Sprint ID feature 2.1
Sanyo Zio

October 2010 Sprint First Android device for Sanyo/Kyocera; features Sprint ID 2.1
Samsung Intercept

October 2010 Virgin Mobile First Virgin Mobile Android phone 2.1
Motorola Flipout

October 2010 AT&T Square design with swivel opening 2.1
Huawei Ascend

October 2010 Cricket Wireless; Metro PCS Huawei’s first Android phone for the U.S. market; display has nine-panel grid design 2.1
HTC Wildfire

October 2010 Alltel Entry-level device with bargain price 2.1
Samsung Mesmerize

October 2010 U.S. Cellular Part of the Galaxy S series; featured Samsung’s TouchWiz 3.0 interface 2.1
T-Mobile MyTouch 4G

November 2010 T-Mobile Next in MyTouch series; supports T-Mobile’s HSPA+ network 2.2
LG Optimus T

November 2010 T-Mobile First handset in LG’s entry-level Optimus series 2.2
Motorola Defy

November 2010 T-Mobile Rugged design; features revamped MotoBlur interface 2.1
LG Optimus S

November 2010 Sprint Sprint’s Optimus model; features Sprint ID 2.2
Motorola Droid Pro

November 2010 Verizon Wireless Offers enhanced security features for business users and a mobile hot spot 2.2
Samsung Continuuim

November 2010 Verizon Wireless Part of the Galaxy S series; features a second "ticker" display 2.1
LG Vortex

November 2010 Verizon Wireless Part of the Optimus series; features Bing search and maps 2.2
Motorola Citrus

November 2010 Verizon Wireless A beginner Android devices; features Bing search and maps 2.1
Motorola Bravo

November 2010 AT&T Includes DLNA support; features revamped MotoBlur interface 2.1
Motorola Flipside

November 2010 AT&T Slider design with physical keyboard; features revamped MotoBlur interface 2.1
T-Mobile Comet

November 2010 T-Mobile Free with a two-year contract; available with prepaid plans 2.2
Motorola Droid 2 Global

November 2010 Verizon Wireless Similar to Nexus One, but with world-roaming capabilities 2.2
LG Apex

November 2010 U.S. Cellular Similar to Verizon’s LG Ally; has a full physical keyboard 2.1
LG Optimus M

November 2010 MetroPCS First Android device for MetroPCS; part of the Optimus series 2.2
LG Optimus U

December 2010 U.S. Cellular Free with a two-year contract; part of the Optimus series 2.2
Samsung Nexus S

December 2010 T-Mobile Follow-up to Nexus One; delivers stock Android interface; sold unlocked; first device with Gingerbread 2.3 (Gingerbread)
HTC Evo Shift 4G

January 2011 Sprint Follow-up to the HTC Evo 4G; compact design but includes a physical keyboard; cheaper than Sprint’s previous 4G phones 2.2
Motorola Cliq 2

January 2011 T-Mobile Update to the first Cliq; has a larger displayand a redesigned keyboard 2.2
LG Optimus V

February 2011 Virgin Mobile Yet another model in the Optimus line; competitively priced without a contract 2.2
HTC Inspire 4G

January 2011 AT&T-Mobile Offers a mobile hot spot and an excellent 8-megapixel camera; runs on the carrier’s HSPA+ network 2.2
Samsung Galaxy Indulge

February 2011 MetroPCS Part of the Samsung Galaxy series; first Android phone for MetroPCS’ LTE network 2.2
Samsung Galaxy S 4G

February 2011 T-Mobile Update to Samsung Vibrant but with a larger battery; supports T-Mobile’s HSPA+ network 2.2
Motorola Atrix 4G

March 2011 AT&T Has a dual-core processor and support for the carrier’s HSPA+ network; compatible with the Motorola Laptop Dock 2.2
HTC ThunderBolt

March 2011 Verizon Wireless Supports Verizon’s 4G LTE network for incredible fast data speeds; can deliver simultaneous voice and data 2.2
Kyocera Echo

April 2011 Sprint Has two screens that can combine to form one 4.7-inch display 2.2
Samsung Gem

April 2011 U.S. Cellular Budget device with a compact design 2.2
Samsung Sidekick 4G

April 2011 T-Mobile Reinvents the Sidekick line with a familiar design and features; supports T-Mobile’s HSPA+ network 2.2
Samsung Galaxy Prevail

April 2011 Boost Mobile Boost Mobile’s second Android phone; minimal features in an agreeable design 2.2
T-Mobile G2X

April 2011 T-Mobile CNET Editor’s Choice winner; has a dual-core processor; HSPA+ support and a sharp display 2.2
HTC Droid Incredible 2

April 2011 Verizon Wireless Update to Droid Incredible; offers world roaming 2.2
Casio G’zOne Commando

May 2011 Verizon Wireless Sports a rugged design and a suite of applications for outdoor enthusiasts. 2.2
Samsung Droid Charge

May 2011 Verizon Wireless A 4G LTE device with longer battery life than on the ThunderBolt. 2.2
Samsung Replenish

May 2011 Sprint Made from recycled and recyclable material. 2.2
Samsung Infuse 4G

May 2011 AT&T Marketed as the thinnest smartphone available in the U.S.; supports AT&T’s "4G" network. 2.2
Samsung Nexus S 4G

May 2011 Sprint Sprint’s version of the Nexus S adds WiMax support. 2.3
LG Phoenix

May 2011 AT&T Another model in the Optimus line, the Phoenix is an entry-level device. 2.2
LG Thrive

May 2011 AT&T The Thrive is identical to the Phoenix, though it’s available only through AT&T’s prepaid service. 2.2
Motorola Droid X2

May 2011 Verizon Wireless Features a qHD display and a dual-core processor for faster performance. 2.2
Sony Ericsson Xperia Play

May 2011 Verizon Wireless As Sony’s long-awaited "PlayStation phone," the Xperia Play integrates a phone and a gaming device. 2.3
HTC Merge

June 2011 U.S. Cellular Includes a SIM card slot for international roaming; has a bulky design. 2.2
LG Revolution VS910

June 2011 Verizon Wireless Verizon’s third LTE device has a great display and a 1GHz processor. Uses Bing instead of Google. 2.2
HTC Sensation 4G

June 2011 T-Mobile CNET Editors’ Choice winner; offers a loaded feature set and excellent performance. 2.3
Pantech Crossover

June 2011 AT&T/td> You’ll find a physical keyboard, but only entry-level features. 2.2
HTC Evo 3D

June 2011 Sprint Upgrade to the HTC Evo; features a glasses-free 3D display and can capture 3D photos and video. 2.3
Motorola XPRT

June 2011 Sprint Like the Droid Pro, it has a physical keyboard and enterprise-level security features. 2.2
Samsung Gravity Smart

June 2011 T-Mobile An update to the Gravity T, it offers a physical keyboard and a slider design. 2.2
Samsung Dart T499

June 2011 T-Mobile The definition of an entry-level smartphone, the Dart is free with service. 2.2
LG Genesis US760

July 2011 U.S. Cellular Based on the LG EnV series, the Genesis flips open to expose a full keyboard. 2.2
HTC Status

July 2011 AT&T The "Facebook phone" is hampered by a tiny landscape-oriented screen. 2.3
T-Mobile MyTouch 4G Slide

July 2011 T-Mobile Sports an 8-megapixel camera with impressive multimedia performance. 2.3
Motorola Droid 3

July 2011 Verizon Wireless Despite an improved keyboard, Gingerbread, a dual-core processor, and a better camera, it’s not worth the upgrade. 2.3
Huawei M835 Ideos

July 2011 Sprint Runs stock Andorid and is affordable, but may be too small for some users. 2.2
Motorola Titanium

July 2011 Sprint Runs on the iDEN network; supports Nextel’s Direct Connect, but lacks 3G. 2.1
Motorola Triumph

July 2011 Virgin Mobile With high-end features and zippy performance, it’s Virgin Mobile’s best Android phones to date. 2.2
Motorola Photon 4G

July 2011 Sprint Sprint’s answer to the Moto Atrix, the Photon 4G offers just about every feature you’d want plus support for a number of accessories. 2.3

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Tags: android android mobile phone os android sejarah android software android

author
Dosso Sang Isahi adalah mantan guru, sekarang berprofesi sebagai networker. Saat ini mengelola beberapa bisnis online, juga aktif dalam bidang sosial media marketing. Pria yang senang belajar hal yang berbau teknis dan IT ini bersama keluarga kecilnya tinggal di Sidoarjo, sedang menikmati kebebasan karier yang telah dicapainya.

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